Bladder Cancer Treatment in Marietta, GA
In 2013, 55,000 men and 18,000 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in the United States. Learning about bladder cancer will help you diagnose and treat it faster.
Dr. Nikolas Symbas is a board-certified urologist who provides comprehensive testing and treatment for bladder cancer at his office in Marietta, Georgia. Learn more about bladder cancer and schedule your appointment today.
Bladder Cancer Symptoms
Bladder cancer most commonly causes the following symptoms:
- Finding blood in urine which causes urine to look rusty or dark red.
- Feeling an urgent need to empty your bladder more often than usual
- Feeling pain when you use the restroom
Common Reasons for Getting Bladder Cancer
When getting diagnosed with any cancer, it’s natural to wonder what caused the disease. Though there is no one definite answer, there are risk factors that may have caused the disease such as:
- Smoking. Smoking tobacco is the most common risk factor in bladder cancer.
- Working around chemicals. People who work in the dye, rubber, chemical, metal, textile, and leather industries have an increased risk of getting bladder cancers because the chemicals they are working with may be cancer-causing.
- Family history of bladder cancer. People with family members who had bladder cancer or having a personal history with bladder cancer increases the risk of getting bladder cancer.
- Arsenic. Arsenic may be found in drinking water in some areas of the world.
Bladder Cancer Stages
To properly treat bladder cancer, your doctor needs to learn the extent of the disease. The stages of bladder cancer are:
- Stage 0. The cancer cells are found only on the surface of the inner lining of the bladder.
- Stage I. The tumor has grown deeper into the lining of the bladder
- Stage II. The tumor has invaded the muscle layer of the bladder
- Stage III. The tumor has grown through the muscle to tissues near the bladder.
- Stage IV. The tumor has invaded the wall of the pelvis or abdomen but has not spread to the lymph nodes.
Depending on the stage, your doctor will treat bladder cancer with surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, or radiation therapy.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Bladder Cancer in Marietta, GA
General tests include a urine analysis and biopsy. In some cases, the doctor will conduct a cystoscopy (inserting a tube with a camera into your bladder), or imaging tests. However, imaging tests are usually done once bladder cancer is confirmed and staging needs to be determined. Treatment for bladder cancer, once confirmed, will most likely be surgery such as the TURBT procedure. Whether it’s surgery to just remove the tumor or to remove the tumor and surrounding tissue depends on the staging of bladder cancer. This surgery is called a cystectomy. In some extreme cases, the entire bladder needs to be removed. However if caught early enough, immunotherapy or radiation therapy options may be available.